FRENCH FOR BEGINNERS: AU RESTAURANT (PART 3)

In my last 2 blogs, I talked about the types of restaurants there are in France, the different kinds of dishes and the kinds of meals the French have.  Added to that was useful vocabulary relating to cutlery and crockery and food and drink.

Today, I will introduce role-play in the restaurant and other useful information as well as some grammar.

Réserver une table (Booking a table)

It is always a good idea if you make a reservation, otherwise you could arrive at the restaurant to find that you have to wait and be placed on une liste d’attente (a waiting list).  So, you could either book online (réserver en ligne) if you have access to the internet or you could phone:

  • Allô? allo
  • Bonjour, ici le Café Vert. (Good day, Café Vert) bonjour
  • Bonjour, je voudrais faire une réservation pour ce soir (Good day, I would like to make a reservation for this evening) reservation
  • Très bien, Monsieur/Madame, c’est pour combien?  (Very well, Sir/Madam, for how many?) c’est pour combien
  • C’est pour quatre personnes (it’s for four). pour 4 personnes
  •  A quelle heure pensez-vous venir? (For what time?)a quelle heure
  • A  20 heures (for 8 p.m.) a 20 heures
  • C’est à quel nom? (In whose name?) c’est a quel nom
  • Parmentier. parmentier
  • C’est noté – à ce soir, Monsieur/Madame. (It’s done. See you this evening) c’est note

Bonjour de France has another example with exercises.

Au Restaurant (At the Restaurant)

Most restaurants offer a menu du jour menu du jour  or la formule  formule (special fixed lunch menu) with limited choice. Un plat du jour plat du jour(daily special) is available if there is no fixed menu.  Otherwise, restaurants have an à la carte menu where you can choose anything off the menu (la carte or le menu).


Make sure you do not call the waiter ‘garçon’ as this rude. You should call him ‘Monsieur’. If it is a lady, call her ‘Madame’.  The word for a waiter is le serveur and a waitress la serveuse. Always be polite and use s’il vous plaît (please) and merci (thank you).

Useful vocabulary

Qu’est-ce que vous désirez comme…….?  qu’est-ce vous desirez what would you like as a…….?

Vous avez choisi? choisi= have you decided/chosen?

Qu’est-ce que vous nous recommandez/conseillez? recommandez what do you recommend?

Donnez-moi   donnez-moi = give me

Je voudrais  je voudrais = I would like

Je prendraije prendrai= I’ll have

Quel est le plat du jour?quel est le plat du jour= what is the daily special?

Qu’est-ce que vous avez comme boissons?   comme dessert? qu’est-ce que vous avez= what do you have as drinks?  as dessert?

l’entrée   entrée   = starter

le plat principal  plat principal= main course

le fromage  fromage = cheese

le dessert dessert= dessert

service compris  service compris= tip included

service non compris  service non compris= tip not included

Payer par carte   payer par carte= pay by card

Payer en espèces   payer en espèces= pay cash

en accompagnement   en accompagnement= as a side dish

la carte des vins  carte des vins = wine list

manger   manger(see the Grammar section) = to eat

boire    boire   (see the Grammar section) = to drink

commander   commander   = to order

laisser in pourboire laisser un pourboire= to leave a tip

For meat, you need to know:

saignant  saignant = very rare

bleu   bleu = rare

à pointà point= medium rare

bien cuit  bien cuit= well done

For mineral water:

de l’eau plate  de l’eau plate= still

de l’eau gazeuse  de l’eau gazeuse= sparkling

There is usually a bottle of mineral water on the tables in restaurants. This is not free.

If you don’t want to pay for water, ask for de l’eau de robinet   de l’eau de robinet  (tap water)

Ordering water:

une carafe carafe= jug

un verre     verre= a glass

une bouteille  bouteille = a bottle

Role-Play: at the restaurant

Another example on YouTube.   TV5 also has a short video in French with exercises and a transcription.

Grammar

manger (to eat) is a regular -er  verb:

je mange                                  nous mangeons

tu manges                                vous mangez

il/elle/on mange                      ils/elles mangent

boire (to drink) is an irregular verb:

je bois                                      nous buvons

tu bois                                      vous buvez

il/elle/on boit                           ils/elles boivent

commander (to order) is a regular -er verb:

je commande                           nous commandons

tu commandes                        vous commandez

il/elle/on commande              ils/elles commandent

 

The Partitive Article

Expressing quantity = some/any not all. Hence. I would like some cake, not all the cake; I would like some butter, not all of it.

Masculine singular :   du   = du vin

Masculine plural :       des =  des fromages

Feminine singular:      de la  = de la viande

Feminine Plural:          des =  des viandes

Nouns beginning with a vowel or ‘h’:  de l’   = de l’eau

However, after a negative, they all change to ‘de’:

je n’ai pas de vin  (I don’t have any wine)

tu n’as pas de fromage

elle n’a pas de viande

nou n’avons pas d’eau

 

I hope you have enjoyed this blog. Let me know what kind of things interest you.

 

FRENCH FOR BEGINNERS: FOOD (La Nourriture) and DRINK (Les Boissons) Part 2

C’est l’heure du déjeuner. c’est l’heure A table! a table Bon appétit!  bon appétit(it’s lunch time. Let’s eat!) In my previous blog,  we learned the names of the 3 main meals in France and some of the food and drink items, so now it is time to go to the restaurant. Allons au restaurant!   allons au restaurant (Let’s go to the restaurant!)

Types of restaurants in France

There are many different types of eating places in France from the Cafés which serve basic food and are focused on coffee to the Michelin-star type restaurants.

There are bistrots (bistros) which are not clearly defined and can be a pub, a bar or a restaurant. There are brasseries (the name means ‘brewery’) which resemble cafés but serve full meals. There are also speciality shops such as Crêperies  (which serve pancakes or crêpes) and Salons de Thé which specialise in teas but also serve quiches, tarts, cakes, etc.

Salon de Thé

Cutlery and Crockery (Argenterie et Vaisselle) argenterie

The way the table is set is very important – it is almost an art in France.

le couvert = table setting couvert

la nappe = tablecloth nappe

la serviette = the napkin serviette

le couteau = the knife couteau

la fourchette = the fork fourchette

la cuillère = the spooncuillere

la cuillère à soupe = the soup spoon cuillere a soupe

la petite cuillère = the teaspoon petite cuillere

le verre = the glass verre

un verre à vin = a wine glassverre a vin

la tasse = the cuptasse

la soucoupe = the saucer soucoupe

la bouteille =  the bottle bouteille

une assiette = a plate assiette

le bol = bowl bol

le plateau = tray plateau

Idioms about eating and drinking

mettre les petits plats dans les grands = to put on a great spread

manger à la bonne franquette = to eat without fuss/simply or informally

manger à l’oeil = to eat without paying

manger comme un moineau = to eat like a sparrow, i.e. very little

manger la grenouille = to eat the frog, i.e. to spend one’s savings (in the XVIIIth century, piggy banks were shaped like frogs)

manger son chapeau = to eat one’s hat i.e. to admit to a mistake

boire comme un trou = to drink like a hole, i.e. they never stop

mettre son grain de sel = to put in one’s salt’s worth i.e. to give one’s unsolicited opinion

la moutarde me monte au nez = the mustard is getting up my nose, i.e. I am getting angry

la vie est trop courte pour boire du mauvais vin = life is too short to drink bad wine

 

Famous French Dishes

Many French dishes have become famous throughout the world and may be found on different menus.

Of course, there are frogs’ legs (cuisses de grenouilles), snails (escargots) and steak tartare to be sampled.

Then there are dishes such as :

le canard  à l’orange   (duck à l’orange),

le boeuf bourguignon (beef stew),

 le coq au vin (chicken in wine),

la soupe à l’oignon (onion soup),

le cassoulet (beef and bean stew),

la salade niςoise (niςoise salad)

la ratatouille

French Desserts

la Tarte Tatin: legend has it that this luxury-type of apple pie came about because of an error with caramelisation. It is now made with pears, apples, quinces and prunes.

le Mille feuille  (also known as a Napoleon cake): delectable layers of pastry and custard cream. Its name means a thousand leaves which refers to the countless layers of pastry used to make it.

la Crème brûlée:

le Macaron: this meringue-based sweet has been around since the Middle Ages and was introduced to France by Catherine de Medici.

la crème caramel;

la mousse au chocolat:

 

The above desserts are just some  of the many French desserts.  There are also certain desserts that are made on special feast days, such as:

Christmas (Noël) : la bûche de Noël (Christmas log)

Mardi Gras: crêpes (pancakes)

Epiphany: la Galette des Rois (King’s cake)

 

My next blog will include phrases about going to the restaurant. So make sure to look out for it.

 

 

 

FRENCH FOR BEGINNERS: FOOD (La Nourriture) and DRINK (Les Boissons) in French Part 1

When one thinks about France, one of the things one thinks about is its food and its drinks. So if you are learning French what better way is there to improve your vocabulary than to learn that of la nourriture (food) and les boissons (drinks). Not to mention the fact that it is tied to French culture.

Donc, allons-y! (so, let’s go!) Let us start with the names of meals (les repas) in France: le petit déjeuner (breakfast = literally means ‘small lunch’), le déjeuner (lunch) and le dîner (dinner).

Le Petit Déjeuner à la française (French Breakfast)

Qu’est-ce que tu manges au petit déjeuner? qu’est-ce que tu manges au petit dejeuner

(what do you eat at breakfast?)

je voudrais =  je voudrais I would like

donnez-moi = donnez moigive me

Breakfast is eaten between 6h30 and 8h30 a.m. It differs from a full English breakfast and is usually called a continental breakfast by hotels. It usually consists of the following items:

j’ai faim  = j’ai faim(I’m hungry)

un croissant  un croissant

des céréales cereals

des fruits fruits

un yaourt (yoghurt)yaourt

le pain (bread) pain

la baguette (French bread) baguette

un pain au chocolat pain au chocolat

un pain aux raisins  pain aux raisins

une tartine (a slice of bread with butter) tartine

avec beurre (with butter)  avec beurre

avec de la confiture (with jam) avec confiture

avec du miel (with honey)avec miel

Qu’est-ce que tu bois au petit déjeuner? (what do you drink for breakfast?)  qu’est ce que tu bois

j’ai soif (I’m thirsty) j’ai soif

du café (coffee) du cafe

du thé (tea) du the

du lait (milk) du lait

du sucre (sugar) du sucre

du chocolat chaud (hot chocolate) du chocolat chaud

un jus de fruits (fruit juice) jus de fruits

un jus d’orange (orange juice) jus d’orange , un jus de pomme (apple juice)  jus de pomme , un jus d’ananas (pineapple juice)

An excellent resource is a voiced powerpoint created by a Welsh school. It has a voiced slide show, role play tasks and speaking tasks. It is also fun.

Le Déjeuner (Lunch)

Qu’est-ce que tu manges au déjeuner? (What do you eat at lunch?) qu’est-ce que tu manges au déjeuner

Le déjeuner (lunch) dejeuner usually takes place between 12h and 14h p.m. It consists of the following courses:

l’entrée (the starter) entrée

le plat principal (main course) plat principal

le dessert (dessert)  dessert

le fromage (cheese) fromage

The Welsh site mentioned above is also great for food and LanguageGuide.org has an illustrated vocabulary with pronunciation.

Food Items

le riz (rice)

la viande (meat):

le boeuf (beef)

le bifteck (steak)

le mouton (mutton)

le veau (veal)

le poulet (chicken)

le porc (pork)

le poisson (fish)

l’agneau (lamb)

les saucisses (sausages)

les légumes (vegetables):

les pommes de terre (potatoes)

les petits pois (peas)

les haricots verts (green beans)

le chou (cabbage)

le chou-fleur (cauliflower)

les champignons (mushrooms)

les carottes (carrots)

French Desserts (to name but a few):

la mousse au chocolat (chocolate mousse)

la crème caramel  (crème caramel)

les crêpes suzette 

la crème brûlée

les profiteroles

l’éclair

la tarte tatin

Drinks:

le vin (wine)

le vin rouge (red wine)

le vin blanc (white wine)

le vin rosé (rosé wine)

le champagne (champagne)

la bière (beer)

Le Dîner (Dinner)

Qu’est-ce que tu manges au diner? (what do you eat at dinner?)

The French eat dinner at about 20h and it’s usually something lighter than lunch.

So there you have it: some of the French food items, drinks and meals.  More in the next blog.